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Brazilian Pepper

Brazilian Pepper

Regular price $84.20 USD
Regular price Sale price $84.20 USD
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Plant Type: tree
Plant Height: 15-30 feet
Spread: 10-15 feet
Flower Color: White
Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Shade


Brazilian Pepper, also known as Schinus terebinthifolius, is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to subtropical and tropical regions of South America. It's known for its invasive nature in various parts of the world, particularly in Florida and California, where it has negatively impacted local ecosystems.

One of the defining features of Brazilian Pepper is its dense clusters of tiny white flowers, which bloom in the fall and are followed by small, bright red berries. These berries persist through the winter and are attractive to birds, which contribute to the plant's aggressive spread. While the berries are visually appealing, it's important to note that they are considered toxic to humans and many animals.

The foliage of Brazilian Pepper is another notable feature. The leaves are compound, glossy, and dark green, emitting a peppery aroma when crushed. This fragrance is due to the presence of volatile oils, which are characteristic of the plant.

Brazilian Pepper thrives in a variety of soil types, tolerates salt spray, and is drought-resistant, making it adaptable to different environments. However, due to its invasive nature, it's often not recommended or even prohibited for planting in certain regions. It tends to form dense thickets that displace native vegetation and alter habitats, making it a threat to biodiversity.

In landscapes where it's not invasive, Brazilian Pepper can be used as an ornamental plant, thanks to its attractive berries and lush foliage. However, caution is advised due to its potential to spread and the need for careful management.

Overall, while Brazilian Pepper has ornamental qualities, its invasive potential and ecological impact outweigh its benefits in many regions. It serves as an example of the importance of choosing plants that are suitable for and harmonious with local ecosystems.

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